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What Is Pigmentation?

All human bodies contain a natural skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for giving colour to the skin, hair and eyes. Melanin is produced from cells called melanocytes. Everyone has melanocytes; however, some skin types produce more melanin than others.  

When the skin is normal and even-toned, the skin cells are healthy and produces adequate amounts of melanin. However, unhealthy or damaged skin cells caused by overexposure to the sun or poor lifestyles cause more melanin to be produced to prevent the skin from becoming seriously compromised. On the other hand, when melanocytes (pigment-producing cells) are damaged, it can result in underproduction of melanin. Malfunctions of the pigment cells can result in parts of the skin having less pigment (hypopigmentation) or more pigment the normal (hyperpigmentation). 

Common Causes of Pigmentation Include

  • Sun exposure
  • Genetics
  • Hormonal 
  • Medications or skin disorders
  • Environmental Factors

Melasma: A chronic skin disorder which causes the appearance of brown patches on the face. It is most common amongst women and darker skin types. 

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Darkening of the skin due to trauma to the skin (e.g. skin picking, burns, aesthetic procedures) or post-inflammation (e.g. acne, eczema, wounds). 

Age spots: Common amongst individuals over the age of 40.  Age spots are flat, brown spots that occur due to long term sun exposure. They can appear most commonly on the face, hands and chest. 

Find Out What Our Treatments Can Offer You

Start your bespoke journey to your best self at our medical led aesthetic clinic. Arrange a consultation to speak to one of our highly qualified medical practitioners or request a call back from a member of our friendly clinical staff to find out more.